The Convento da Arrábida was built during the 16th Century, after being founded in 1542 by Friar Martinho de Santa Maria. It became an important site for pilgrimage and a home to monks, living in cells carved into the steep rocks of the mountain range of Arrábida.
The Sea Ranch was built by Charles Moore and MLTW Architecture partnership in California, USA, in the 1960s. A PIONIRA architecture favourite due to its careful feeling for the surrounding landscape, due to the sustainable use of wood for construction and facade cladding and the overall masterplan, dominated by a low building typology, in accordance with the horizontal lines of nature along the ragged edges of the Sonoma Coast.
The built work of Alberto Ponis in Sardinia, where he has lived since 1964, is extraordinary in its sensitive understanding of surrounding. Built work by Ponis is among PIONIRA architecture favourites for its extreme dependency on the immediate topography and environment. Not only are raw materials essential in the exterior building process, but they also largely define the special interiors.